The main feature of diabetes is elevated blood sugar levels, which can be detected by a laboratory test. The most common causes of the disease are insensitivity of the body to insulin (insulin resistance, type 2 or aging diabetes) and, less commonly, a lack of a hormone called insulin produced by the pancreas (type 1 diabetes).
In the absence or inadequacy of insulin, cells are unable to take up sugar (glucose), and sugar does not enter the cells, so blood sugar levels rise due to the sugar left out. Cells use sugar to produce energy, so our cells go hungry in the absence of sugar, and their function deteriorates.
Prolonged high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) does not cause symptoms for a long time, while it can cause serious damage to the body - it damages blood vessels, resulting in vasoconstriction, loss of lower extremities, ulcers, kidney problems (nephropathy), numbness and nerve pain (neuropathy) damage to the blood vessels severely impairs vision (retinopathy). The most common cause of blindness is severe diabetes! Screening can be used to assess the risk of the disease. the so-called preconditions, insulin resistance can be detected. The early detection of the problem can still be remedied without drugs, with natural solutions. With proper treatment, the development of diabetes can be prevented or delayed, and complications can be avoided.